NBA has worked with the Global e-Schools and Communities Initiative (GESCI) to supplement the findings of their impact assessment of the African Leadership in ICT and Knowledge Society Development (ALICT) programme in 2016. The purpose of the impact study was to carry out a detailed assessment and analysis based on the information available and information generated through the study, on the results of the ALICT leadership programme effects and influence. NBA also worked with GESCI to prepare country reports in 16 African countries with the aim of understanding the status of the knowledge society (KS) in each of these countries. The work involved conducting desktop reviews, identifying essential policies, strategies, plans and papers on KS development in each of the countries as well as reviewing KS pillar documentation sets related to education, information and communication technology (ICT), and science, technology and innovation (STI). The process also included identifying the major actors, stakeholders and partners in each country and their role in KS pillar development.